"de Moivre" returned 24 hits

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1
Author: Abraham de Moivre (1667-1754)
The normal distribution, derived as the limit of the binomial distribution
Mediaitems: de Moivre portrait, Maty's (1755) biography of Abraham De Moivre, Wikipedia: Normal distribution
Category: Other
2
Authors: Ministere de Travaux Publics (1830-1870) & Émile Cheysson (1836-1910)
Album de Statistique Graphique, an annual series over 20 years, using all known graphic forms (map-based pies and stars, mosaic, line graphs, bar charts, and, of course, numerous flow maps) to depict data relevant to planning (railways, canals, ports, tramways, etc.) [This series, under the direction of Émile Cheysson, is regarded as the epitome of the "Golden Age of Statistical Graphics'']
Category: Statistics & Graphics
3
Author: Charles de Fourcroy (1766-c.1810)
Use of geometric, proportional figures (squares) to compare demographic quantities by superposition, an early "tableau graphique''
Mediaitems: de Fourcroy's proportional squares, de Fourcroy's proportional squares, Description of de Fourcroy, from Palsky
Category: Statistics & Graphics
4
Author: Jan de Witt (1625-1672)
First attempt to determine scientifically what should be the purchase price of annuities, using mortality tables
Mediaitems: de Witt portrait, Death and Statistics, including an account of de Witt's method, de Witt biography
Category: Statistics & Graphics
5
Author: Emmanuel de Martonne (1873-1955)
Use of ethnographic maps, showing the distribution of mixed nationalities, played an important role in redrawing national boundaries of Central Europe and the Balkans following World War I
Mediaitems: de Martonne portrait , Distribution of nationalities in the the countries dominated by Roumanians (2925 x 1959; 1026K), Wikipedia entry for De Martonne (French)
Category: Cartography
6
Authors: Pierre de Fermat (1601-1665) & René Descartes (1596-1650)
Coordinate system reintroduced in mathematics, analytic geometry; relationship established between graphed line and equation
Mediaitems: Biographical sketch - Pierre de Fermat, Descartes portrait, Biographical sketch - Rene Descartes
Category: Statistics & Graphics
7
Author: Armand Joseph Frere de Montizon (1788-)
First simple dot map of population by department, 1 dot = 10,000 people
Mediaitems: Dot map of population of France, 1830
Category: Cartography
8
Author: Pierre-Simon, Marquis de Laplace (1749-1827)
The central limit theorem explains why many distributions tend to be close to the normal distribution. The key ingredient is that the random variable being observed should be the sum or mean of many independent identically distributed random variables.
Mediaitem: The Central Limit Theorem
Category: Statistics & Graphics
9
Author: Gerolamo Cardano (1501-1576)
Liber de Ludo Alaea, a practical guide to gambling, containing the first systematic computation of probabilities; written in 1562, but not published until 1663.
Mediaitems: Gerolamo Cardano portrait, Cardano (Galileo project), Cardano biography
Category: Statistics & Graphics
10
Author: Leonhard Euler (1707-1783)
Introduction of a notation which gives a name and address to every possible point in 3D space, $(x,y,z)$.
Mediaitems: Euler biography:, De'couverte d'un nouveau principe de mecanique
Category: Statistics & Graphics
11
Authors: Gaspard Monge Comte de Péluse (1746-1818)
Development of descriptive geometry, that leads to engineering drawing
Mediaitems: Monge's system of multiple projections, Monge's biography, Monge portrait, Historical development of graphics
Category: Statistics & Graphics
12
Authors: Pierre de Fermat (1601-1665) & Blaise Pascal (1623-1662)
Initial statements of the theory of probability
Mediaitems: Pascal portrait, Pascal biography, extract from
Category: Statistics & Graphics
13
Author: Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695)
First text on probability
Mediaitems: Huygens portrait, Biographical blurb from, English translation of De Ratiociniis in Ludo Aleae
Category: Statistics & Graphics
14
Author: Nicolas of Cusa (1401-1464)
Graphs of distance vs. speed, presumably of the theoretical relation
Mediaitems: Cusa biography, Annotated links: Nicolas of Cusa on the Web, Nicolas de Cusa portrait
Category: Statistics & Graphics
15
Author: Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859)
First graph of isotherms, showing mean temperature around the world by latitude and longitude. Recognizing that temperature depends more on latitude and altitude, a subscripted graph shows the direct relation of temperature on these two variables
Mediaitems: von Humboldt isotherms, Annals de Chemie et de physique, 1817, von Humboldt isotherm, von Humboldt isotherms from Berghaus' 1849 Atlas, von Humboldt isotherm icon
Category: Statistics & Graphics
16
Author: Phillippe Buache (1700-1733)
Contour map
Mediaitems: Buache's 1770 Carte physique ou Geographie naturelle de la France, Buache contour map icon
Category: Cartography
17
Author: Abraham Cresques (1325-1387)
Catalan Atlas, an exquisitely beautiful visual cosmography, perpetual calendar, and thematic representation of the known world
Mediaitems: Catalan Atlas, detail: Europe, North Africa, BNF listing of images from the Catalan Atlas, BNF description of Atlas catalan (BNF, ESP 30), Detailed description of Catalan Atlas and Abraham Cresques (Henry-Davis), Carte de l'Europe, de l'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient, BNF, ESP 30, Carte de l'Europe, de l'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient, BNF, ESP 30
Category: Cartography
18
Author: Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598)
The first modern atlas, Teatrum Orbis Terrarum
Mediaitems: Map of the Netherlands, medium, Ortelius world map, from De Camp 1970, Map of the Netherlands, small, Ortelius portrait, Overview of Ortelius and the Teatrum
Category: Cartography
19
Author: Joseph Nicephore Niepce (1765-1833)
First successful photograph produced (an 8-hour exposure). [A type of asphalt (bitumen of Judea) was coated on metal plates. After exposure it was washed in solvents, the light areas were shown by the bitumen, dark areas by bare metal. Exposed to iodine, the plate darkened in the shadowed areas.]
Mediaitems: University of Texas exhibition: The first photo, Niepce portrait, Catalog of Niepce heliographies, Niepce photo, Point de vue du Gras
Category: Technology
20
Authors: Pierre-François Verhulst (1804-1849)
Development of the logistic curve, $ y = k / (1 + C e^)$, to describe the growth of human populations
Mediaitems: Verhulst bio, Pierre-Francois Verhulst et la loi logistique de la population, Verhulst portrait
Category: Statistics & Graphics
21
Authors: Louis-Léger Vauthier (1815-1881)
Population contour map (population density shown by contours), the first statistical use of a contour map
Mediaitems: Vauthier portrait, Estuaire de la Seine en 1834, Vauthier contour map, Wikipedia: Louis-Léger Vauthier, Vauthier contour map
Category: Cartography
22
Author: Charles Lallemand (1857-1938)
Combination of many variables into multi-function nomograms, using 3D, juxtaposition of maps, parallel coordinate and hexagonal grids (L'Abaque Triomphe)
Mediaitems: Lallemand's "L'Abaque Triomphe'', Detailed biography (French), l'Ecole des mines: Lalanne "compteur universel'' and other calculating diagrams, Lallemand biography and portrait
Category: Statistics & Graphics
23
Author: Jacques Bertin (1918-2010)
Comprehensive theory of graphical symbols and modes of graphics representation
Mediaitems: The reorderable matrix, Bertin portrait, 30 ans de semiologique graphique, Bertin color portrait, InfoVis interview with J. Bertin, Jacques Bertin, Semiologie Graphique web site, Bertin's seven visual variables
Category: Statistics & Graphics
24
Author: Toussaint Loua (1824-1907)
First-known use of a semi-graphic table to display a data table by shading levels
Mediaitems: Google Books: Atlas Statistique de Paris, Loua scalogram of 40 characteristics of 20 Paris districts (2422 x 1932; 1386K), Loua scalogram, color version (1212 x 960; 318K), Shaded map of Paris showing number of inhabitants per house (935 x 615; 77K)
Category: Statistics & Graphics